• Reading - Phonological Awareness
    Children need to become aware of the sounds of language, to enjoy those sounds, and to use this knowledge as a tool in becoming literate. Children need to explore words and learn how words work so they can use this information effectively and efficiently in reading and writing.- Fountas & Pinnell

    Glossary of Terms

    Phonological awareness: An encompassing term that involves working with the sounds of language at the word, syllable, and phoneme level.

    Phonics: The relationship between the basic sounds of a language (phonemes) and the way those sounds are represented by symbols (letters of the alphabet).

    Phonemic awareness: The ability to hear and manipulate sounds in words.

    Rhyme awareness: Rhyming is the ability to identify words that have identical final sound segments.

    Syllable awareness:The ability to hear parts or segments of phonemes that comprise the rhythm of the word.

    Word awareness: The knowledge that sentences consist of words and that these words can be manipulated.


    What do readers do when they come to a word they do not know?

    Readers use Strategies to decode words.

    • Look at the picture
    • Sound it out
    • Look for word parts
    • Hop over the word
    • Go back and reread
    • Ask yourself: Does it make sense? Do the letters match? Does it sound right?

    Activities to do with your child:

    • Sing songs and recite chants with rhyming words
    • Read stories while your child listens and follows along as you point to the words
    • Help your child clap the beats of syllables in words
    • Point out letters, especially letters in your child's name
    • Listening to your child read aloud
    • Help your child sort words by long and short vowel sounds
    • Help your child define larger words by breaking them into smaller chunks
    • Play spelling and word games like Scrabble and Hang Man

    (National Center for Family Literacy)




    Interactive Games for Early Readers

    Phonological Awareness Information for Parents

    Interactive Games for Early Readers