• Reading - Phonological Awareness
     
     
    Children need to become aware of the sounds of language, to enjoy those sounds, and to use this knowledge as a tool in becoming literate. Children need to explore words and learn how words work so they can use this information effectively and efficiently in reading and writing.- Fountas & Pinnell
     
     
     

    Glossary of Terms

    Phonological awareness: An encompassing term that involves working with the sounds of language at the word, syllable, and phoneme level.

    Phonics: The relationship between the basic sounds of a language (phonemes) and the way those sounds are represented by symbols (letters of the alphabet).

    Phonemic awareness: The ability to hear and manipulate sounds in words.

    Rhyme awareness: Rhyming is the ability to identify words that have identical final sound segments.

    Syllable awareness:The ability to hear parts or segments of phonemes that comprise the rhythm of the word.

    Word awareness: The knowledge that sentences consist of words and that these words can be manipulated.

     

    What do readers do when they come to a word they do not know?

    Readers use Strategies to decode words.

    • Look at the picture
    • Sound it out
    • Look for word parts
    • Hop over the word
    • Go back and reread
    • Ask yourself: Does it make sense? Do the letters match? Does it sound right?
       

    Activities to do with your child:

    • Sing songs and recite chants with rhyming words
    • Read stories while your child listens and follows along as you point to the words
    • Help your child clap the beats of syllables in words
    • Point out letters, especially letters in your child's name
    • Listening to your child read aloud
    • Help your child sort words by long and short vowel sounds
    • Help your child define larger words by breaking them into smaller chunks
    • Play spelling and word games like Scrabble and Hang Man

    (National Center for Family Literacy)

     

     

    LINKS

    Interactive Games for Early Readers

    Phonological Awareness Information for Parents

    Interactive Games for Early Readers