Reading - Phonological AwarenessChildren need to become aware of the sounds of language, to enjoy those sounds, and to use this knowledge as a tool in becoming literate. Children need to explore words and learn how words work so they can use this information effectively and efficiently in reading and writing.- Fountas & Pinnell
Glossary of Terms
Phonological awareness: An encompassing term that involves working with the sounds of language at the word, syllable, and phoneme level.
Phonics: The relationship between the basic sounds of a language (phonemes) and the way those sounds are represented by symbols (letters of the alphabet).
Phonemic awareness: The ability to hear and manipulate sounds in words.
Rhyme awareness: Rhyming is the ability to identify words that have identical final sound segments.
Syllable awareness:The ability to hear parts or segments of phonemes that comprise the rhythm of the word.
Word awareness: The knowledge that sentences consist of words and that these words can be manipulated.
What do readers do when they come to a word they do not know?
Readers use Strategies to decode words.
- Look at the picture
- Sound it out
- Look for word parts
- Hop over the word
- Go back and reread
- Ask yourself: Does it make sense? Do the letters match? Does it sound right?
Activities to do with your child:
- Sing songs and recite chants with rhyming words
- Read stories while your child listens and follows along as you point to the words
- Help your child clap the beats of syllables in words
- Point out letters, especially letters in your child's name
- Listening to your child read aloud
- Help your child sort words by long and short vowel sounds
- Help your child define larger words by breaking them into smaller chunks
- Play spelling and word games like Scrabble and Hang Man
(National Center for Family Literacy)