• Reading - Fluency
    "Focusing, on fluency, reading aloud accurately with expression and comprehension, has been named one of the five pillars of scientific reading instruction." Allington, 2008

    "Adequate progress in learning to read English (or any alphabetic language) beyond the initial level depends on sufficient practice in reading to achieve fluency with different texts." Snow, Burns, & Griffin, 1998


    To become a fluent reader, children must posess:

    • "Appropriate decoding skills and strategies
    • A store of words they can recognize at a glance
    • The ability to self-monitor while they read
    • A large vocabulary of words whose meanings they know
    • The appropriate comprehension strategies to use while they read
    • The motivation to read purposely and voluntarily"

    (Allington, 2008)


    Help your child to increase his/her fluency:

    Read aloud- you can provide a model of what a fluent reader sounds like

    Create a script of a favorite story (or use a reader's theater text from the internet) - you and your child can become the "characters". Read and re-read the text to practice reading fluently and with expression.

    Choral reading- read the words on the page together with your child. You both say the words at the same time; however, you are modeling fluent reading.

    Provide access to interesting books- Motivate your child to read! Be sure that the book isn't too difficult!

    Listen to books on tape- children will hear a model of a fluent reader

    Tape record your child reading- Listen to the recording together and help your child identify when his/her fluency was good, and also identify the part of the text that could be read more fluently. After practicing the same passage, record your child reading again and listen for improvements.


    LINKS about Fluency

    Information about fluency

    Reader's Theater I: Access scripts to read aloud with your child

    Reader's Theater II: Access scripts to read aloud with your child